Causes and propagate of disease essay

1 ) 1 Recognize the differences among bacteria, infections, fungi and parasites.

Bacteria, fungi and parasites are all considered as ‘living’ things,. Bacterias are single celled microorganisms that can just been viewed through amicroscope, they acquire their nourishment from their encircling and in contrast to viruses, they donot require aliving sponsor toreproduce. Infections are difficult todestroy because they are enclosed inaprotein coating. Malware are disease-producing agents, significantly smaller than bacteria. Viruses aren’t considered asliving because they are incapable toreproduce.

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Fungus are placed into the plant category although they are very different from green plants. The fundamental part offungus isahollow conduit, which isknown as ‘hypha’. Fungi pass on byreleasing spores into its environment. Parasites will be anorganism that feeds and isdependent ofits host.

1 . 2 Identify common health issues and attacks caused bybacteria, viruses, disease and parasites.

Common ailments and attacks caused bybacteria include;

  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Impetigo
  • Lyme disease
  • MRSA illness
  • Scarlet fever
  • Tuberculosis
  • Typhoid fever, and Urinary system infections.

Common health problems and attacks caused byviruses include;

  • AIDS
  • Chickenpox
  • Common chilly
  • Hand, feet, and mouth disease
  • Virus-like hepatitis
  • Autorevolezza (Flu)
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rabies
  • Smallpox
  • Virus-like meningitis, and Viral pneumonia.

Common illnesses and infections caused byfungi contains;

  • Pneumocystis pneumonia
  • Fungal meningitis
  • Yeast infection infection
  • Ringworm, and Athlete’s foot.

Common health problems and attacks caused byparasites include;

  • Malaria
  • Homemade remedies
  • Stomach and gut earthworms (Threadworm, hookworm)
  • and Frizzy hair and body system lice (Head and crab lice).

1 . three or more Describe what ismeant by ‘Infection’ and ‘colonization’

Disease means that your body isbeing invaded bybacteria, malware and parasitic organisms that are not generally there, these are known asmicroorganisms. Colonization isabacterial infection manifesting onorinanindividual, making the individual the carrier ofthe infection who may not automatically have any kind of signs orsymptoms ofthe health issues, however they dostill have the potential toinfect others.

1 . 4 Explain what is designed by ‘systemic infection’ and ‘localized infection’

Systemic infection means the problem isinthe bloodstream, and isorhas spread throughout the body. Lime green Disease, AIDS, Tuberculosis and Septicemia are examples ofSystemic infections. Localized infection means the infection isrestricted toone area onthe physique i. electronic. small lower orulcer that isinfected. On the other hand ifalocalized disease becomes worse, and nomedical treatment isgiven itcould spread and turn asystemic contamination.

1 . your five Identify poor practices which may lead tothe spread ofinfection.

  • Not washing the hands after having contact with assistance users, meals, hazardous substances, using the bathroom etc .
  • Certainly not wearing the best PPE as needed
  • Not storing food effectively
  • Not cooking food thoroughly
  • Not really covering orally ornose when ever sneezing orcoughing
  • Poor waste disposal and storage area procedures
  • Limited cleaning/decontamination ofenvironment and equipment

installment payments on your 1 Clarify the conditions required for the growth ofmicro-organisms.

Four crucial factors will be needed tomake the perfect environment for bacteria togrow, these include; moisture, nutrition, warmth and time.

  • Moisture” water isessential tocarry foods insolution into the cell, and take the waste away from the cell.
  • Nutrients” lack offood slows down the bacterial expansion, therefore the satisfactory nutrients will be needed.
  • Warmth” temperature takes on abig position inthe expansion rate ofthe bacteria. Micro-organisms that are revealed toadverse temperature ranges are both destroyed ornot able tomultiply.
  • Time” period toreproduce

2 . 2 Explain the ways aninfective agent might enter the body.

  • Aninfective agent might enter the body through the nose, windpipe orlungs (respiratory system into the lungs) this ishow coughs, colds and other common airborne attacks are caught.
  • Infective agent may also your body via breaks inthe skin, hits, scratches; hole wounds from needles etc . will increase the danger ofinfection.
  • Infective agent can easily enter the human body down the digestive system (stomach, oral cavity and intestines). Swallowing infected foods ordrinks can infect the abdomen and bowels, which displays itself inthe form ofdiarrhea and/or throwing up.
  • Infective agent can also enter the body upthe urinary and reproductive systems (urethra, urinary and kidneys). The contagious agent will stay localized until/ ifitenters blood stream.

2 . three or more Identify prevalent sources ofinfection.

Common resources ofinfection contain food, water, sick people (colds and flu), family pets and poor housing (invaded with unwanted pests such asrats and rodents ordamp and moldy), polluted food, drinks, bodily fluids; vomit, tears, breasts milk, urine, blood, mouth area, nose, perspiration and damaged skin.

installment payments on your 4 Explain how infective agents can easily betransmitted toaperson.

The different techniques infective agents can betransmitted toaperson incorporate

  • Droplet contact; meaning when someone iscoughing orsneezing near/on another person and not covering up there mouth ornose.
  • Direct contact; that means touching aperson who isinfected, this also includes sexual contact.
  • Indirect speak to; meaning totouch acontaminated surface area orsoil contamination without knowing itiscontaminated.
  • Airborne transmission; signifies that the organisms can stay inthe surroundings for long periods oftime.
  • Fecal-oral transmission; this means the foods orwaters you absorption iscontaminated.
  • Lactogenic transmission; means after surgical procedures via injections ortransplantation ofinfected materials.
  • Vector-borne transmission; that is not cause the disease but instead transmits pathogens from one host toanother.
  • Top to bottom transmission; means the mom passes onthe infection toher child, both inthe uterus orduring labor.
  • Sexual transmission; infection becoming passed ofthrough sexual contact with another person.

2 . a few Identify the important thing factors that will aid itmore probably that disease will happen.

The key factors that will make itmore likely intended for infection tooccur include;

  • immunity staying low credited toalready getting ill oreven vrey young orold age group
  • not being immunized
  • open injuries
  • poor methods such aspoor housekeeping and misuse ofPPE
  • poor personal hygiene
  • contaminated areas/surfaces and contaminated gear orlaundry
  • people living inthe same environment such asacare home establishing where many people share the same services, equipment, and washrooms.

You may also be thinking about the following: clarify the ways an infective agent might enter the body, describe how infective agents could be transmitted into a person, discover common causes of infection


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