Homeland protection the modern world term paper

21st Century, Fema, Very Bowl, Typhoon Katrina

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They were mostly former troops from Iraq, called in help with the relief ops. Those supporting the use of the National Guard in these types of actions point out that “the National Protect already has a significant urgent response capability and the Metabolism of the United States establishes the authority to employ the National Shield in significant and leading domestic roles against terrorism. ” (Oates, 2002) alternatively, however , it could be said that the part time military are worked out beyond their very own limits and are also sometimes forced to work to exhaustion in order to achieve the task they were called in for. This could lead to poor performances, which may expense lives. According to a examine conducted in the Atlanta city area, “among 16 open fire departments, typically 22. 2% of personnel holds several public basic safety positions. Additionally, a significant percentage of the general public safety staff has commitments to the armed service reserve or National Shield. ” (Oates, 2002) Thus, Oates underlines that often dual condition of many public basic safety workers are engaged in several job and subsequently it really is more difficult to asses the actual number of staff one can depend on in case of natural disasters. Furthermore, because of their diverse specializations, it is hard to establish a professional system of input, seeing that there are little and limited online classes.

Another concern somewhat essential in assessing the inability to manage the Katrina problems in a more specialist manner and with fewer human losses is the program that was set in place intended for intervention. The regular response to thunder or wind storms in the U. S. is often drafted in general action programs, which include evacuation of the possibly affected inhabitants, providing shield and fundamental needs, assuring permanent medical attention. However , while specialists possess agreed, the Katrina case differed typically from any traditional tornado alerts. Because of the magnitude of its creation and the particularities of the area, it became more an average surprise. This is why it will have been essential for the authorities to provide a more elaborated cover rescue; this will have had at heart the exact requirements of the populace affected and with due regard towards the elements of originality engaged in the problem. Howitt and Leonard deduce, “Katrina was a crisis mainly because of its size and the mixture of challenges which it posed, certainly not least the failure from the levees in New Orleans. Because of the uniqueness of a crisis, predetermined emergency plans and response habit that function quite well in dealing with “routine” events are frequently largely inadequate or maybe counterproductive. “Crises” therefore require quite different features from “routine” emergencies. inches (Howitt Leonard, 2005)

Finally, the most important facet of the content Katrina research is the role FEMA was supposed to play in organising and complementing the comfort operations. Generally speaking, people often search for the guilt in the authority sequence and to consider them accountable for every main negative event. However , from this particular circumstance, FEMA was especially suitable for emergency cases such as Katrina; it may be that no one could have been aware of the magnitude of the disaster to come, but the slow response from this particular agency is yet to look for an excuse. The 2006 statement analyzing its activities throughout the hurricane pointed out that the firm had “lacked clear command between FEMA headquarters plus the disaster sites, had managed under outdated or limited response ideas, had required better-trained or even more experienced workers, and was unable to obtain a clear picture of events as they unfolded. ” (Associated Press, 2006) Therefore , the blame fell around the authorities, but , even so, tiny can be done today to bring back the thing that was destroyed inside the floods.

A possible solution for avoiding later on such tragedies can be the creation of a regular intervention push that would be specifically trained and prepared for emergency situation such as the Katrina tragedy. Moreover, the authorities must be made conscious of the fact that indeed, any kind of major relief and treatment operation requires important man and financial resources, and therefore, procedures need to be ingested in order to insure that these money are available at almost all times. Finally, although the basic for a specialized agency that might deal mostly with this sorts of situation was established, more needs to be done to ensure that the structures involved in decision making may respond to any challenge. They need to be able to take immediate and coherent activities. At the same time, the chain of command has to be clearly specific in order to permit the implementation with the measures decided upon to become made certainly over their particular legitimacy. These sort of ideas must quickly find an acceptable correspondent as it became clear that the U. S. continues to be unable to effectively respond to an emergency, which, presented the unpredictable security condition in the world, will take its cost.


Anderson, W. (2005) Katrina as well as the Never-Ending Scandal of Condition Management. Recovered 17 January 2007, for http://www.mises.org/story/1909

Associated Press. (2006). Post Katrina analysis shows persistent FEMA flaws. FoxNews. com. Gathered 18 January 2007, at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,190338,00.html

Brownish, D. M. (2005). Storm Katrina: The First 7 days of America’s Worst Natural Disaster. New york city: Lulu Press.

CNN. (2005). Katrina strikes Florida: several dead; you million in dark. CNN website. Recovered 17 January 2007, at http://www.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/08/25/tropical.storm/index.html

Howitt, a, Leonard, H. (2005) Katrina and the Core Difficulties of Disaster Response. Retrieved 17 January 2007, for http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/taubmancenter/emergencyprep/downloads/beyond_katrina.pdf

Moyen, S. (2005). Katrina: Tales of Save, Recovery and Rebuilding in the eyes of the Tornado. Champaign: Sports Publishing.

Oates, P. (2002) Supporting the National Strategy for Homeland Protection. The function of the Countrywide Guard. Perspectives on readiness. John N. Kennedy University of Government, Harvard University. Retrieved 17 January 2007, in http://bcsia.ksg.harvard.edu/BCSIA_content/documents/Role_of_the_National_Guard.pdf

Sappenfield, M. (2005). Katrina poses key test for stretched National Guard. The Christian Science Screen. Retrieved 18 January 3 years ago, at http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0902/p02s01-usmi.html

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