Why was the ebola pandemic so dangerous case study
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Excerpt from Case Study:
Ebola: History And Analysis of the Current Break out
The propagate of Ebola has been much-publicized in the multimedia, due to the fact “the current outbreak in West Africa, (first cases informed in Drive 2014), is a largest and most complex Ebola outbreak because the Ebola malware was first discovered in 1976. There were more cases and fatalities in this outbreak than all others combined” (“Ebola, 2014). This paper will certainly summarize surrounding factors behind the epidemic, indicating that in addition to neurological characteristics in the pathogen, essential structural deficits in the wellness system in Africa can also be contributing to it is spread.
The size of Ebola
In line with the World Overall health Organization’s news sheet on the disease, the Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 during two sychronizeds outbreaks, one in the Sudan and the other in the Congo. The virus is considered to have originated from the fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family and entered the human populace “through close contact with the blood, secretions, bodily organs or various other bodily fluids of infected pets such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruits bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found unwell or lifeless or in the rainforest” (“Ebola, 2014). Human-to-human transmission takes place through the indication of bodily fluids. Symptoms incorporate a “sudden onset of fever exhaustion, muscle discomfort, headache and sore throat. This is certainly followed by nausea, diarrhea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both equally internal and external bleeding (e. g. oozing from the gums, bloodstream in the stools)” (“Ebola, 2014). Death is possible as a result of contracting Ebola.
The hardest-hit countries have some with the least created health infrastructures in The african continent. The nature of the disease requires stringent adherence to infection control protocols. “Health-care staff have often been infected while dealing with patients with suspected or perhaps confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with people when infection control precautions are certainly not strictly practiced” (“Ebola, 2014). Additionally , classic burial techniques have facilitated the distributed of Ebola, given that they need close contact with the dearly departed person.
Issues of global governance
WHO has recently been criticized because of its handling in the initial break out. The “virus easily outran the plodding response. The WHO, an arm with the United Nations, is responsible for coordinating international action in a crisis such as this, but it has endured budget cuts, has lost a lot of its best minds and was sluggish to sound a global security alarm on Ebola” (Sun et al. 2014). There was “a disconnect involving the aspirations of worldwide health officials and the reality of contagious disease control. Officials hold faraway approach sessions regarding fighting rising diseases and bioterrorism even as front-line doctors and nurses don’t have enough latex safety gloves, protective gowns, rehydrating fluid or staff to carry body to the morgue” (Sun ou al. 2014). The lack of knowledge about the reality from the poor healthcare infrastructure generated recommendations which may have been appear medically but countries was missing the ability to completely implement all of them, based upon the resources available.
The high rate of indication to health care workers who have volunteered their time to help the sick developed climate of fear outside Africa rather than inspired contributions and aid to help the affected population. A doctor for a medical center in Liberia contracted the illness simply by holding the your forehead of an attacked patient to check for
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