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Abstract-writing guidelines Essay

A great abstract allows the author to communicate to his target audience the critical information of his initial research within a concise method. Foote (2006) and Dec and Katz (nd) advise that in writing a good abstract, it will contain four elements – background or objectives, methods, results and conclusion. The backdrop highlights the investigation questions and hypotheses, the strategy describe the research population, data gathering methods and statistical analysis. The results reveal the most essential findings and should contain actual data (Maughan 2001) and illustrative examples.

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The conclusion summarizes the studies and significance of the study (Rooryck & van Heuven 2003). The abstract should be among 100 and 250 words (Foote 2006, Shannon 2000, Guidelines to get writing an abstract n. d. ) and should never be much longer than a page (Rooryck & van Heuven 2003). Staiger (1965) shows that a good abstract can possess as little as one hundred and fifty words when the information is concisely shown.

Shannon (2000) and 12 , and Katz (n. g. ) suggest that non-essential information such as literature reviews should be prevented. In terms of style only prevalent abbreviations should be used in support of minimally (Foote 2006, Shannon 2000) and jargons should not be used (Maughan 2001). The future tense, adverbs and adjectives should also be avoided. The text should flow and stay intelligible and simply comprehended by nonspecialists and international readers. Abstract The traditional pattern of negotiation and placing of insurance risk between brokers and underwriters follows a face-to-face and paper way but the new electronic placing system (EPS) is available allowing for submitting, sending and negotiating risks and processing promises electronically.

This study explores the reasons for introducing, triggers for the slow usage and capacity the rendering of the EPS systems. In a longitudinal exploration between 93 and 1996, we selected 94 elderly Market managing, IT administrators and personnel, brokers and underwriters inside the London Insurance Market using semi-structured interviews, observations of insurance risk placement work practices along with source reviews. Reasons for introducing, stalling or resisting EPS launch were copied verbatim and categorized depending on its effect on work transformation or professional identity in the workplace.

EPS was implemented as a result of benefits of productivity, efficiency, speed and price, its capacity to facilitate coexisting risk transmissions and potential to broaden work horizons. Reasons for resisting or perhaps delaying launch of EPS were the resulting minimization of consumer, broker and underwriter connection, the EPS’ inability to transmit supporting customer files to potential underwriters as well as its potential to weaken the specialist role and identity of brokers and underwriters and worsen job conditions and job fulfillment. Brokers also saw EPS as a potential threat with their employment secureness.

There is resistance from technological difference in the Birmingham Insurance Industry and inability to adopt these technologies. EPS challenges the conventional mode of operation. We all recommend that generally there be a harmony between the use of computer solutions and classic methodologies. Sources December, J. & Katz, S. nd, ‘What can be an abstract’ The producing center, [Online] Available at: http://www. rpi. edu/web/writingcenter/abstracts. html Foote, M. 06\, ‘Some tangible ideas regarding manuscript abstracts’, Chest, vol.

129, no . 5, p. 1375-1377. ‘Guidelines for publishing an abstract’, Sigma Theta Tau, Intercontinental, [Online] Sold at: http://www. umassd. edu/nursing/theta_kappa/research_committee/guidelines_abstract. doctor Maughan, Ur. 2001, ‘Editorial: abstract thoughts’, Journal of Sports Savoir, vol. nineteen, no . your five, p. 305. Rooryck, Johan & vehicle Heuven, V. 2003, ‘Guidelines for publishing abstracts’, Laborieren University, [Online] Available at: http://www. unc. edu/linguistics/confinfo_files/hil-tips. pdf Shannon, S. 2000, ‘Writing a structured abstract’, Canadian Association of Radiologists Diary, vol. 51, no . 6th, p. 328-329. Staiger, M. L. 65, ‘What today’s students need to find out about publishing abstracts’, Record of Business Communication, vol.

3, no . 1, pp. 29-33. Walsham, G. 2001, Making a new of difference: IT in a global framework, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 150-160.

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