Critical Thinking in Homeland Security Essay
Essential Thinking in Homeland Protection Introduction Homeland Security is an essential part of the reliability organs that are very crucial in making sure the security of the country’s sovereignty. As other international locations in the world, United states of america faces significant threats from your external and internal elements. The US founded Homeland Protection Department in 2003, so that you can address the external threats and out and out aggression like the Sept. 2010 11 terrorist attacks (Pruitt, 2003, The 9/11 Commission rate, 2005).
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Therefore , the primary objective in the department is always to prevent terrorist attacks in the usa. Additionally , the department must minimize the exposure of the nation to terrorism and minimizing the injuries that results from the attacks, if episodes occur. To achieve it is mandate the department is applicable several expertise. These skills will be aimed at deciding the likelihood of a threat and establishing the credibility of the threat in accordance with the information presented. Among the skills used is the critical considering.
By definition, critical pondering refers to the capability by the office personnel to make clear, rational judgments (Paul & Parent, 2009). Therefore the decisions regarding protection should be showed up through a well thought out processes (Pruitt, 2003). Crucial thinking under homeland reliability focuses on important elements of thought and requesting the relevant inquiries. This means that the department has to evaluate just about every piece of evidence at their disposal in order to develop appropriate security methods to the country.
The discussion put forward below will aim establishing what critical thinking method style is appropriate pertaining to the decision-making within the constructions of homeland security (The 9/11 Commission, 2005). The reason behind this kind of inquiry is highly dependent on the fact that there are distinct critical thinking models. These types of models are very useful in the since they aid to find the best and effective option in homeland parameter.
Yet , different models provide different effects. The September 11 attack caused unprecedented requirement for good, effective and effecient security device. With the launch of the Homeland Security Office, the country was placed at a position to handle the terrorism threats. The terrorism activities are currently extremely dynamic and return we have a need for the solutions which may meet these types of challenges (Pruitt, 2003).
On those grounds, the homeland security personnel is usually require to fulfill the ever before rising requirement of increased demand of the security guard services as well as appointment the excessive placed accountability standards. To achieve these requirements they have to figure out how to become highly trained in their degree of thinking, along with reasoning capabilities. The fundamental reason for the need to improve abilities is that the workers have to examine all the significant information, appreciate it, recognize the problems and offer solution (Paul & Older, 2009).
However , the control of this substantial information comes against the race of time. Homeland security division has to generate timely decision that would help to preempt virtually any threats that may arise or control the already existing dangers (Pruitt, 2003). Additionally , the strategies utilized by the terrorist are changing day in day out, and as well these changes must be encompassed in the decision which the section is starting. For instance, prior to September 14 attack, the defense equipment restricted themselves to neurological and chemical threats. Additionally, the use of airline as a device to carry out terrorism strikes was covered by security agencies like the Pentagon (The 9/11 Commission payment, 2005).
On the other hand, the threat of airplane affect was not addressed as the safety agencies believed this would result to giving the terrorist an extra tool with their disposal. The example about the use of airplane being a tool of terrorism indicates an inadequate manner of making use of the available data to reduce the terrorist attacks. In this regard, critical considering is very necessary in manner in which the homeland security handles the information that they acquire to manage security problems or threats (Paul & Elder, 2009).
This is due to the fact critical pondering offers the conjecture and prognosis analysis pertaining to security concerns. Prediction will depend on chiefly within the ability of the security internal organs to be able to believe ahead. Thinking ahead, within critical considering, dictates the security bodily organs are able to set up the most likely causes of terrorism and possible outcomes (Kiltz, 2009). Diagnosis means the analysis of previous risks which in turn really helps to extrapolate the likely foreseeable future events.
Regarding this, security organs are able to determine their past failures also making changes. Additionally , the organs have the ability to replicate past successes to the future. While comprehending the importance of the critical considering skills, there are several critical thinking models in the disposal of security organs to address virtually any homeland protection issues. It is extremely crucial to set a lot of emphasis on the very fact that critical thinking is definitely basic requirement for security decisions facing the nation (Paul & Elder, 2009).
Therefore , to spot the best important thinking unit it would be prudent to learn the two factors that may play a very major role in determining the very best model. Important thinking inside the context of homeland security is essentially dependent on the main factor once and for all decision-making and the nature in the homeland secureness context (Browne & Keeley, 2007). Critical thinking is basically aimed at arriving at appropriate decision. Every decision made or arrived at should be able to offer option in the circumstance of homeland security.
In this light, the decision of the protection apparatus should be able to effectively prevent the threats that arise and also minimize the damages is usually events arise (Kiltz, 2009). Thus, important thinking plays a pivotal role in decision-making procedure. On the same notice, the best decision-making model is exceedingly dependent on the correct questions. The right question are considered the main aspect that allow effective decisions to be produced in all the fields of the contemporary society, security becoming inclusive (Kiltz, 2009).
Concerns are a good guiding factor while seeking for the correct results. A single, right queries create a composition that our thinking relies after; that is to say, right questions are necessary in finding the ideal materials or information which might be essential to the choice or alternatives. Secondly, proper questions enjoy a vital role of determining the course of our thinking. Regarding this, the right concerns are crucial component of individual pondering (Kiltz, 2009).
This indicates the right inquiries part of the homeland security guidelines, in that they would help the decision makers from this context will arrive the best alternatives possible towards the various secureness challenges. The processes and the activities around decision making inside the parameters or the context from the homeland protection are substantially complex. The complexity is available in two amounts: one, there amount of data or details being prepared is extremely significant and second, there are a lot of mechanics and parameters in homeland security decisions (Paul & Elder, 2009).
Therefore , the decision-making process provides a higher requirement of exhaustive overview of all the likely accompanying effects of any kind of decision made. In addition , the scrutiny expands other available options prior or perhaps before the improving any decision passed. A good example relates to diversion tactics which might be highly utilized by terrorist (Davis, 2012). This is when a risk is identified in a particular location although in reality using the threat is another place.
Without appropriate critical pondering capabilities, the safety apparatus are required to put enough emphasis on areas which are reported to have the risk while departing the other places vulnerable. Understanding the characteristics of homeland security is definitely pegged on homeland protection operations and the past inability. Past failures help to know what part of the method failed and exactly how efficiently and effectively would homeland climb from their comes.
For instance through the example previously mentioned, if the seriousness of a homeland security function was increased by the misjudgment stated over, in future homeland security might put all work at guarding all places equally although still adding emphasis on any information gathered (Paul & Parent, 2009). That fact has a crucial portion of the critical pondering in such a reliability decision-making process. In effect, the best critical considering model ought to be all-inclusive. Inclusivity means that every one of the available alternatives should be considered while simultaneously evaluating the possible results associated with every likely actions.
The module applied is similar to a game theory model (Davis, 2012). In this model, the homeland security is supposed to establish every approach available to them along with those offered to the opponents, the terrorists. This would assist to preempt most if not all, of the dangers posed by different terrorists groups. Therefore , every strategy features probable actions, which in turn will deliver results.
It would be the essence homeland to decide on the most appropriate strategy and take a task that would provide you with the best-expected result (Paul & Elder, 2009). For example , through information and brains gathering, the safety organs in the usa had all the necessary, satisfactory and relevant information to indicate that an assault was prestigious. This information was prior to the Sept. 2010 11 attack, which in depth the Al Qaeda plans to attack the US. This shows that the security organs experienced the offered strategies of the opponents.
However , the bodily organs failed to find the best approach and their activities failed to fulfill the required outcomes (The 9/11 Commission, 2005). The time constraints also enjoy a critical component in commencing any security decision. The reason behind this is that despite the significant volumes details that need to processed, the uncertainty of when a homeland security celebration is likely to arise needs timely decision-making.
Using the September 14 example, it can be observed the fact that security organs failed to meet the timely decision requirement (Kiltz, 2009). Though all the information processed indicated the possibilities of a terrorism incident in United States, not any timely actions was taken to preempt the threats as a result of argument the decision procedure was at the preliminary level. Additionally , homeland security should be in a position to anticipate the opponents’ likely cause of action and in addition putting a lots of effort to preventing the threats preempting the homeland actions.
This can be attached to curve tactics, where threats fully developed to occasions in places other than these indicated inside the threats information. This was the strategy that was utilized by the ‘s Qaeda to beat homeland security in their video game in September 11 (The 9/11 Commission payment, 2005). Prior to the strike, the information gathered indicated the threats were highly in United States departments and firms that were past borders. The truth that abroad parts of homeland security were threatened, the homeland skewed its work towards the exterior offices and agencies. Consequently, the Al Qaeda expected the moves of homeland security, and so they counteracted by simply attacking the interior departments (The 9/11 Percentage, 2005).
Critical pondering should help to homeland security to complete all the offered loopholes which may expose their particular operations, plus the country was vast. As stated before, there are several versions at the convenience of the homeland security, yet among them asking the right concerns takes the reign. There are lots of factors which may have heavily bent the odds towards the right concerns model of critical thinking (Browne & Keeley, 2007).
Initially, the style plays a pivotal role in dealing with the various loopholes found underneath the nature of homeland secureness. For instance the failures which were capitalized by Al Qaeda in the September 11 assault (The 9/11 Commission, 2005). The ideal questions style aims at querying all the information obtainable. The curious nature from the model permits the various protection issues being determined and determining the necessary conclusions. The conclusions are really dependent on the reasoning, assumptions, and clearness of words.
There are numerous benefits that accompany this essential model of right queries. To begin with the model is highly useful in giving a well thorough analysis with the decision produced as well as the reason behind actions undertaken. When comparing it with the additional models such as the elements of thought thinking model, right queries model outranks them all in enabling homeland to meet their objectives or targets (Browne & Keeley, 2007).
Furthermore, it is established that the version has other models easily inbuilt. Primarily, homeland reliability establishes the positive elements of the other versions and encompasses them inside the right queries model. Because of this, the designs offer thorough and well-contained solutions of all the available alternatives. Additionally , the said model is extremely interactive as it offers an every rounded examination of the various situations.
The analysis is vital in regular and successful decision-making in actualization with the actions collection. Additionally , the model allows homeland to distinguish the cases of fallacies in reasoning (The 9/11 Commission rate, 2005). Well thought out decision should not be well guided by a perception, myth of misconceptions.
This enables homeland security process of confirmation and affirmation of proof to be comprehensive and impartial. If a few essential information is overlooked, the model would results to different alternatives. Right questions model bases its success upon availability of possible alternatives.
Consequently , the unit puts a whole lot emphasis on the available details which assists decision creators to arrive at the perfect alternative. Alternatively, the different models have some constraints in their operations (Browne & Keeley, 2007). For example, the Component of Thought thinking model achievement is highly dependent upon the emphasis given to a few four areas of decision-making. Several failures have been found under the dome of homeland security. These failures are really attributed as the indirect contributors of past situations like the September 11 attacks.
The right queries model can simply address these types of past challenges (Browne & Keeley, 2007). Moreover, the model is vital to rendering support towards the homeland protection decision-making process as well as creating and improving the believability of the activities undertaken by homeland security. The right questions version is dependent with an extensive spectral analysis. This kind of analysis may be the foundation of crucial thinking. Because of this, the right queries model helps you to evaluate all the possible alternatives and their associating actions; which will aim at getting the best possible answer.
The version has been substantially used within the homeland secureness context to eradicate and lessen hazards like the September 11 problems. For example , ahead of September 10 attacks america intelligence experienced gathered that there were several threats directed towards the United States institutions beyond the country (The 9/11 Commission rate, 2005). Lack of a wider spectral analysis, the homeland security failed in the job (Browne & Keeley, 2007).
In dependence to the information, the homeland secureness strengthened the security agencies further than borders and failed to do this with the household agencies. As a result, the Ing Qaeda utilized this loophole to carry out the attacks in america soil (The 9/11 Commission payment, 2005). Underneath right concerns model, a great in-depth analysis would have occurred prompting homeland security to reinforce all the security agencies regardles of the model.
Such evaluation would have enabled homeland protection to alleviate the September 10 attacks. The alleviation may have been obtained through the fact that the homeland security would have easily discover and eliminated all the protection exposures that faced the usa at large devoid of overemphasis around the overseas institutions (Browne & Keeley, 2007). The fallacies of reasoning resulted for this misguided conclusions.
While dealing with the Ing Qaeda in Afghanistan, there was a idea that the US turf was safe from the Al Qaeda actions. This kind of resulted to homeland secureness ignoring the domestic protection need for dealing with terrorism. Additionally , there have been not work to fill the information gaps that were there before the episodes. There were poor statistics as there were limited activities which were undertaken by simply security organizations in the United States (The 9/11 Commission payment, 2005).
The model selected set emphasis on identifying the absent information which in turns enhances the chances of obtaining the best approach and the suitable cause of actions to be employed. For example, the evidence so long as an attack was upcoming, but there were no fast actions which were undertaken to mitigate these types of threats. Also, despite the availability of evidence that indicated that there were terrorist threats facing the US, no security actions were taken on in time (Browne & Keeley, 2007). The claims lurking behind the lack of actions were that the decision method was still by preliminary levels, indicating the rigidity with the security businesses. The selected unit offers flexible and dynamic solutions to difficulties.
Through the proper questions unit, appropriate decisions would have recently been arrive at early on enough to mitigate the threats. Critical thinking is crucial for the companies of the homeland security division. This is because you will discover significant complexities of the decisions and associated actions.
The critical considering models are a lot, but one outranks different ones; the right concerns model is incredibly essential in establishing the proper decisions and cause of actions. The model employs a wider spectral analysis strategy with a great aim of attaining efficient, powerful and regular solutions. Looking at the applicability of the model against the situations of September 11 disorders the style would achieve better-desired benefits (The 9/11 Commission, 2005). Recommendations Browne, M., & Keeley, S. (2007).
Asking the best questions. Upper Saddle Water, N. J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Davis, V. (2012). Use Critical Thinking to Overcome Personal Biases. IN Homeland Secureness.
Retrieved twenty two January 2015, from http://inhomelandsecurity.com/use-critical-thinking-to-overcome-personal-biases/ Kiltz, T. (2009). Producing Critical Pondering Skills in Homeland Security and Crisis Management Programs. Journal Of Homeland Protection And Urgent Management, 6(1), 1-20. Recovered from http://www.innovative-analytics.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/DevelopingCriticalThinking.pdf Paul, 3rd there’s r., & Older, L. (2009).
The smaller guide to crucial thinking. Dillon Beach, Calif.: Foundation for Critical Considering. Pruitt, E. (2003). Modeling Homeland Secureness: A Value Focused Thinking Procedure (1st male impotence., pp. 1-236).
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio: Department from the Air Force, Air University. Recovered from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/afit/pruitt_vft_hls.pdf The 9/11 Commission,. (2005). The 9/11 Commission Statement: Final Statement of the National Commission on Terrorist Disorders Upon the us (1st ed., pp.
1-400). Washington DC: U. S. Government Creating Office. Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-911REPORT/pdf/GPO-911REPORT.pdf
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