Intelligence reform term paper

Intelligence, Biometric Technology, 9 10, Travel Agency

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Commission’s Recommendations on Reforming the U. S. Intelligence Community

Following the terrorist attacks of September 10, 2001, the point that “things would never become the same” echoed over the country, and some methods this has been authentic. Unfortunately, various observers as well maintain that some things have not changed in any way, especially the capability of the U. S. brains community to anticipate and stop such problems in the first place. Other folks, though, point to the numerous occasions in which terrorist attacks have been preempted by simply timely actions, as well as the loss of life of Osama bin Packed as working example that items have indeed changed for the best. To determine who may be right, this paper offers an analysis from the impact with the 9/11 Commission’s recommendations on changing the U. S. brains community taking into consideration the major cleverness community pieces of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Reduction Act, as well as the extent where these pursuits have achieved their particular goals. Finally, a discussion regarding the status of reform in the U. S i9000. intelligence community is followed by a summary of the study and important findings in the conclusion.

Assessment and Analysis

Identify and analyze the 9/11 Commission’s major tips for reforming the intelligence community.

According to Simon (2005), following the publication in July 2005, the final report of the 9/11 Commission was widely regarded as the most thorough and complete investigatory hard work that could give you the framework needed to protect the country’s pursuits at home and abroad in the foreseeable future. Generally, the 9/11 Commission’s final record criticized both the Clinton and Bush Administrations for not producing a strong enough effort to confront and disable the al Qaeda network, given the knowledge that was available concerning these events ahead of time (Simon, 2005). Among the 9/11 Commission’s major recommendations had been several with salience to get reforming the intelligence community, including individuals recommendations excerpted in Table 1 beneath.

Table 1

Major Recommendations from the 9/11 Commission Report with Salience for Changing the Intelligence Community



Improve counter-proliferation attempts

The United States will need to work with the international community to develop regulations and an international legal regime with common jurisdiction to allow the get, interdiction, and prosecution of smugglers by any express of the world wherever they do not reveal their actions.

Expand the Proliferation Reliability Initiative (PSI)

The POUND-FORCE PER SQUARE INCH (PSI) can be more effective it is uses intelligence and planning resources of the CONNATURAL alliance. Moreover, PSI regular membership should be open to non-NATO countries. Russia and China must be encouraged to participate.

Support the Cooperative Threat Decrease Program

This system is in need of growth to prevent weaponry of mass destruction via entering the nation.

Targeting Terrorist Money

These are generally proven methods. Vigorous initiatives to track terrorist financing helps the cleverness community appreciate their networks, search all of them out, and disrupt their operations.

Targeting Terrorist Travel around

This recommendation has the same potential as targeting terrorist money. The major imperative is always to prevent those who represent overwhelming risks to the nation’s passions from entering or outstanding in the country undiscovered.

Integration from the U. S. Border Security alarm into a Much larger Network of Screening Points

These and also other innovative security devices just like biometric verification systems count on physical attributes that can be used by airports, persuits, or other venues with high numbers of international travel around that can increase security such as the U. H. Border System. A biometric entry/exit system for the U. S i9000. is also suggested.

National Criteria Should be Set up for Id

The federal government ought to set criteria for issuing various types of identification (drivers’ licenses, delivery certificates) used to secure foreign travel files.

Homeland Security Activities Needs to be Based Purely on Tests of Dangers and Weaknesses.

Policymakers should certainly allocate methods to high-risk priority areas. These methods include community, state, local and government agencies, as well as private stakeholders.

Source: Tailored from 9/11 Commission Final Report

Recognize and assess the major IC components of the Intelligence Change and Terrorist Prevention Work (IRTPA).

Many other things, the Intellect Reform and Terrorist Elimination Act of 2004 (hereinafter IRTPA) decided the creation of the intelligence information technology “czar” (Intelligence CIO seeks to consolidate specialist, 2005) at the office of the Movie director of Countrywide Intelligence (Sims Gerber, 2009). Other major components of the IRTPA with salience intended for the U. S. intellect community included those established in Stand 2 under.

Table 2

Major Components of the IRTPA with Salience for the U. S. Intelligence Community



Reorganization and improvement of management of intelligence community

This section identifies the responsibilities of the Movie director of National Intelligence and which functions were transmitted pursuant to this legislation.

Modified definition of national intelligence

It operationalizes the terms “national intelligence” and “intelligence linked to national security” to refer for all intelligence, regardless of source from which derived and including information gathered inside or away from United States while qualified further in making it subsections.

Joint procedures intended for operational dexterity between Section of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency

This section stipulates that the Movie director of National

Intelligence, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense plus the Director of the Central Intellect Agency, shall develop joint procedures to be accessed by the Section of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency to improve the coordination of operations that involve aspects of both the Military and the Central Intelligence Agency consistent with countrywide security plus the protection of human intellect sources and methods.

Details sharing

It describes the relevant stakeholders and establishes credit reporting requires to gauge progress in achieving information-sharing goals between affected intellect community organizations and agencies.

Alternative research of intelligence by the brains community.

This section mandates the Director of National Intellect to establish a procedure and designate an individual or entity the responsibility for making certain, as suitable, elements of the intelligence community conduct substitute analysis (commonly referred to as “red-team analysis”) in the information and conclusions in intelligence products within one hundred and eighty days of the effective day of the Act with succeeding reporting requirements as well.

Task of duties relating to analytic integrity.

This section requires the Director of National Secureness to assign an individual or entity to be responsible for making certain finished brains products manufactured by any aspect or components of the intellect community happen to be timely, objective, and 3rd party of politics considerations, based upon all types of available intelligence, and utilize the standards of proper inductive tradecraft.

Protect of objectivity in cleverness analysis.

It requires the Director of National Intellect to identify an individual within the Office of the Overseer of Countrywide Intelligence to get available to analysts within the Business office of the Movie director of Nationwide Intelligence to counsel, conduct arbitration, give recommendations, and, as appropriate, initiate queries into real or perceived problems of analytic tradecraft or politicization, biased credit reporting, or not enough objectivity in intelligence evaluation.

Source: Adapted from IRTPA, 2004

Compare and contrast the 9/11 Commission suggestions with the IRTPA.

By and large, the recommendations from your 9/11 Commission rate were broad-based in opportunity and supplied a platform in which the types of “nuts-and-bolts” requirements of the IRTPA could be achieved.

How a IRTPA provides impacted on the national cleverness community.

The establishment of any national cleverness director has served like a catalyst for the reevaluation of intelligence-gathering and analytical methods that has accomplished significant progress in recent years (Divoli, 2011).

The way the reforms have impacted on the various firms, and pull conclusion about if it has improved intelligence support towards the policy machine.

Given the tens of thousands of persons and a huge selection of agencies which might be actively active in the intelligence community, the impact with the reforms the natural way varies, but many authorities acknowledge that the U. S. intelligence community offers emerged in the reformation process stronger which is better well prepared for foreseeable future terrorist episodes based on that which was learned from the investigation from the September 11, 2001 episodes (Zegart, 2009). Moreover, tThe 9/11 Commission final record emphasized which a great deal of improvement had already been made in changing the intelligence community, including the creation of the integrated watchlist that provides terrorist name details to police and edge enforcement regulators (p. 385). In addition , there are several aspects of the way the 9/11 Commission conducted its exploration and released its report that recognized it via previous commissions that “suggest at least the possibility of a far more enduring and powerful influence on both Congress plus the Executive” (Simon, 2005, g. 1420).

Can be intelligence reform complete?

It can be axiomatic there is always room for improvement, and it could be disingenuous to suggest that the reform in the U. S. intelligence community pursuant to the recommendations from the 9/11 Percentage is total. Indeed, Zegart (2009) cites “the deeply rooted organizational weaknesses which may have afflicted U. S. brains agencies for decades” and concludes which the real cause of the September 14, 2001 terrorist attacks was “the spectacular inability of U. S. intelligence agencies to adjust to the end with the Cold War” (Zegart, 2009, p. 37). Clearly, there exists significant place for improvement in this area.


The research showed that the 9/11 Commission’s tips

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