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Process data sheet via winflows simulation

Data Examination, Energy

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The program has 3 major pieces, a PHOTO VOLTAIC array, a spiral wound membrane module, and a softener. The softener doggie snacks raw water from mineral ions that cause climbing problems. The pretreatment stage consists of some stages: Softener, 5 Micron sediment filtration, granular stimulated carbon filtration system (GAC) and 1 Micron sidemen filtration. The system was fed with untreated brackish surface drinking water with a salinity of 722. 99 mg/L. In the simulation, four household membrane themes “AK SERIES” Low Strength Brackish Water RO factors type (AK-2540FM) were applied. Electricity needed by the program was somewhat supplied by the PV array which comprises from 8 PV quests each fifty four Wp. Considering that the RO unit needs a secure power supply, two batteries (12 V, 230 Ah) were connected in series to enhance the voltage up to twenty four V. The produced by the PV is transferred through the solar impose regulator to battery storage space capable of storing enough energy for extra operation several hours after sun. The stored energy is usually transferred returning to regulator device for energizing the loads. The rechargeable batteries used focused mainly for storing energy in the daytime to make that available through nights to ensure continuous procedure.

Sizing of the System

  • Daily Strength Requirement
  • The whole daily energy requirements intended for the RO unit, softener unit as well as the auxiliaries (sensors, data acquisition system etc . ) have already been determined the following:

  • RO Fill
  • Two ruthless pumps (HPP):

    Volts sama dengan 24 VDC

    Maximum current = 1 ) 2 A

    Power of one particular HPP sama dengan 24 * 1 . two = twenty eight. 8 W

    Total Electricity = 28. 8 * 2 sama dengan 57. 6 W

    Several hours of procedure (average per day) = 8 they would

    Total RO energy required/day = 57. 6 2. 8 sama dengan 460. almost eight Watts per hour

  • Intake Pump
  • Intake pump: Volts = 220 VAC, 50 Hz, Current = 0. fifty four A, Output power sama dengan 60 T

    Load which include inverter losses (assuming the inverter deficits (? inv) to be regarding 10% sama dengan 60/0. being unfaithful = sixty six. 7 Watts

    Hours of operation sama dengan 8 they would

    Total strength required/day sama dengan 66. several * almost eight = 533. 3 Watts per hour

  • Softener Feed Pump
  • Softener pump: Volts = 230 VAC, 50 Hz, Current = 6. 2A, Output power = 1 . 0 hewlett packard

    Power of Softener pump = 1 horsepower = 746 W

    Fill including inverter losses = 746/0. 9 = 828. 9 W

    Hours of operation = 8 h

    Total energy required/day = 828. on the lookout for * 8 = 6631. 2 Watts per hour

  • Auxiliaries Load
  • Info acquisition system including sensors: Volts sama dengan 10 VDC, Current = 100 five-hundred mA.

    Maximum Electric power = 0. 5 A * 10 V sama dengan 5 Watts

    Hours of operation sama dengan 24 they would

    Total Auxiliaries energy required/day = five * twenty four = 120 Watts per hour

    Solar fee regulator: Volts = 24 VDC, Current = 15. 8 mother

    Maximum Electrical power = 0. 0158 A * twenty four V = 0. 38 W

    Several hours of operation = 24 h

    Total energy required/day = 0. 38 2. 24 sama dengan 9. one particular Watts per hour

    The daily energy essential including the losses for inverters = 460. 8 & 533. several + 6631. 2 & 120 + 9. 1 = 7754. 4 W per hour/day.

  • PHOTO VOLTAIC Panels
  • The theoretical daily energy requirement for the system is approximately 7. 754 kWh/day, including the inverter loss.

    The battery deficits (? b) is about 15% and the PHOTO VOLTAIC thermal failures (? th) is about 15% also. The standard peak the sun hour (PSSH) in Kampala is about 12 hr. The height power of the PV component can be determined as follows:

    Peak power of the PHOTOVOLTAIC = EL / (PSSH*? TH*? b) = 7. 754 as well as (12*0. 85*0. 85) = 0. 8943KWP

    The size of PHOTO VOLTAIC module has to be such as to produce 0. 8943 kW with operating ac electricity more than twenty-four V, to be able to charge the batteries. Is sold PV themes of polycrystalline silicon sort of 54 Wp as maximum power were selected (ISC = several. 31 A, VOC = 21. six V, Internet marketing = three or more. 11 A, Vm = 17. some V by STC). The device needs roughly 16 (894. 3/54) PHOTO VOLTAIC modules in order to cover the daily energy requirements.

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