Combination of modern and postmodern bereavement

Attachment Theory, Postmodern Literature, Grieving Process, Positivism

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Postmodern Bereavement Theory

Bereavement can be described as universal visible fact as every man experiences loosing a loved one at some point in his or her life. Yet , every individual experiences it within a unique way. It is, without a doubt, an undeniable truth that being human is usually to grieve. The passing away of a loved one could be difficult, alluring and terrible for any usual individual. When people are facing such mind-boggling situations, most of them particularly the older adults get into the habit of enduring their reduction with time. On the other hand, to ignore and live without a loved one is quite a bit less easy for some individuals. It becomes hard for these individuals to cope up while using grief-stricken circumstances as they encounter a suffering of greater concentration or time (Hansson Stroebe, 2007). There are a number of theorists that have put forwarded their views regarding suffering, mourning and bereavement considering that the study of psychology is. The most significant theorist among them is definitely Freud who was the first to present a modern view of grief in his theories.

In this conventional paper, I would present both modernist and postmodernist views regarding grief and bereavement. My personal main goal would be to present a contrast between the contemporary and postmodern theories of bereavement. First and foremost, I plan to dispute with one of the areas of Freud’s contemporary grief theory. I would go against sb/sth ? disobey the modernist belief that in order to live a healthy your life, an individual must completely end his/her relationship with the loved ones who have left to another world. I would present an argument rival their opinion that an individual cannot live a healthy, satisfied and comfortable life if he continues to cry over the dropped ones and become in divine connection with all of them. In contrast to the Freudian idea, I would support the content modern look at of sadness hypothesized by John Bowlby Mary Ainsworth. I would show my arrangement with these prominent advocates and their fans theorists others who stick to them. I would personally support all their belief it is really important pertaining to an individual to carry on to have a relationship with the family who have passed away as it assures a good life. According to the post-modernists, it is properly normal and truly understandable if an individual remains keep in mind and be in connection with the demised. It is particularly important mainly because in many conditions, great harm can be done to the individual who is usually compelled to let go or perhaps forget about his or her lost family members.

I would have the “Relationship Questionnaire (RQ)” structured simply by Horowitz and Bartholomew in the end of this conventional paper to present another aspect of the postmodern theory of bereavement. These two advocates have extended the postmodern theory, especially one postulated by Bowlby and Ainsworth, in their operate.

What is Bereavement?

Bereavement, in fact , is the term used to describe the problem when we drop someone or something. Bereavement is sometimes understood to be a stretch of your time, process or particular works linked with losing or loss. According to Tom Attig, a well-known philosopher, “When these we appreciate die, we all embark on a difficult journey of the heart. We all begin by enduring bereavement. We all ‘suffer’ in the sense that we have recently been deprived of someone we love” (as qtd. In Hedtke, 2010).

Modernist Theory of Bereavement

In line with the grief job hypothesis in the modernist bereavement theory, sadness is required to be fully worked through. That advocates the idea that all of the levels and responsibilities of sadness must be finished and all of the negative emotions must be handled. It goes on to emphasize that grief can be an intra-psychic process and the individual experiencing the sorrowful emotions is the only 1 who trips alone over the path. This hypothesis as well concludes that grief is usually time manipulated and contains a clear starting and a clear end. Finally, this hypothesis makes it necessary for the individual to end the suffering process simply by destroying all of the bonds together with the dead. Simply put, the modernist bereavement theory suggests that restoration is attained only when mourning is done relating to pharmaceutical.

The modernist paradigm of bereavement theory has good epistemological origins that develop out of logical positivism. This epistemology puts its main focus on scientific reasonableness, goal-directness, and effectiveness; placing aside the emotional connectivity. Philosophically, rational positivism rests on empiricism, which will, as In respect to Silverman and Klass (1996) empiricism supports reasonable positivism in a philosophical method and “sees a rational order on the globe, with a single fact leading to another” (p. 21). Empiricism, if put on bereavement leads to the presumption that great truths regarding the manner human beings grieve could be distinguished through scientific exploration (Rosenblatt, 1996).

According to modernist hypothesis of suffering work, bereavement is a technological truth. Since the beginning of the 20th century, this hypothesis which was developed by logical positivism has completely outclassed bereavement study and specialized medical practice.

Freud’s Severance of Bonds for the Deceased Bereavement Theory

The modern psychological studies have been comprehensively influenced by the contributions of Freud in the field of psychology. So far as the bereavement and tremendous grief are concerned, Freud believes it is healthy and important for the betterment associated with an individual to split virtually any spiritual bonds with the deceased loved one. He firmly is convinced that it is an abnormal work to prolong and maintain any kind of bonds with the loved ones that have left the earth forever. His theory speculates that those who have died will be basically a nonexistent object and any connection with these people is just out of query for a regular individual (Hogan Schmidt, 2009). He believes of grieving as a reaction to a adored one’s reduction or affiliation to an ideas. He procedes suggest that the grieving should have an end point and that persons should turn into capable of triumphing over their grief and bereavement and detachment from the those who passed away. While already talked about, Freud thinks that it is an abnormal a reaction to grieve over the long period of time on the decrease of a loved one. He refers to this kind of state of affairs like a departure coming from reality and unreasonable condition. He repeatedly links grieving to an irregular state of mind in the work (Hedtke, 2010).

Almost every human being experience the harm of shedding a loved one. A lot of people lose their parents while some withstand the sorrow of parting away from their very own spouse, children or close friends. Death is known as a universal real truth and nobody has the strength to change or perhaps run away using this reality. The very best approach in this distressing situation is to agree to this reality because existence goes on even though a loved one is usually lost. It truly is absolutely regular that shedding a loved one ends in an instantaneous upsetting response that is and then a feeling of melancholy and tremendous grief. Every now and then, one observes bereaved individuals who lose interest in the outside the house world and activities typically resorting to distance and cultural abandonment. Furthermore, people seem to experience a diminished feeling of well worth as it is immediately associated with their very own attachment with the person who can be deceased. The bereaved turn into unable to love others since it is not easy for them to replace the lost person with a new a single and develop close interactions with other people. However , it requires time to recognize the credibility of death and get accustomed to the nonexistence of the loved one. Quite the opposite, some individuals continue to experience this level of misery, woe, anguish with other intense symptoms. These kinds of a condition is better theorized simply by Sigmund Freud (Freud, 1917).

Mourning and Melancholia by Freud was one of the first functions in which this individual dealt with grief and made a distinction among grief and depression. He coined the word “grief work” as he believed that “mourning was essentially a task where the libido’s strength is taken away from the shed loved one and redirected to another area or perhaps person in life” (Doughty Hoskins, 2011). He held on to the presumption that people are required to break any kind of connection with the deceased intended for achieving a proper resolution with their grief. The modernist watch of bereavement introduced simply by Freud suggested that grief had a distinctive concluding level that allows the bereaved to forget the past and move ahead with existence without memory (Rosenblatt, 1996). In addition , having been of the idea that the bereaved must concentrate on each remembrance and expectation associated towards the departed so that the loss could be resolved. Essentially, “grief work” was regarded as an emotional catharsis in which the grieving specific must psychologically let go of his/her grief. This individual concluded that the failure of such work leads to the introduction of melancholia or depression (Weiss, 2001). Regardless of his efforts to hypothesize grief, many 20th century researchers reject the Freudian assumption that emotional simulation for dealing with tremendous grief is not really essentially a helpful technique for everyone

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