Merced County Health Status Essay
A community’s health could be established by using a myriad of differing factors. 3 specific factors that will help to look for the health with the county through which I live are community safety, catastrophe preparedness, and an evaluation of the inhabitants. The community under review, Encanto, is located in central California to make up of seventeen cities and communities whose individual foule do not go beyond more than seventy five, 000 and covers a location of approximately you, 972 sq miles (United States Census Bureau, 2010) with a total population of approximately 255, 793 people completely (Merced Region California, 2012).
The initially area of importance is community safety. It is vital to commencing discussion while using one of the most basic health symptoms; the air we all breathe. The air quality index in Favor County can be 48, a median worth that considers only the many hazardous air pollutants (Air Now, 2012).
This worth is only a bit lower than the environment quality index of Cal, but is usually approximatly 30% higher than the national average (Air Now, 2012). Another area that must be addressed may be the water all of us drink. In Merced Region most of each of our drinking water comes from groundwater options which are gathered by two public drinking water systems. Most areas in Merced Region are affected by three different toxins: Nitrates, Ethylene Dibromide (EDB), and Dibromochloropropane (DBCP) (Air Now, 2012). Although all three of the toxins fall below the water standard or taken away through the general public water devices, these toxins will continue to be a concern because EDB and DBCP were utilized by farmers for quite some time to fumigate crops.
One other area of concern in community basic safety is the basic safety hazards in the sociocultural environment. The ability to function, shop, or simply ride the bike and feel guarded within the place in which you live are important features in identifying the health of a community. With 1 . 2 cops and four.
4 sheriff officers every 100, 1000 people and an average response time of 3 minutes (Merced Region Office of Economic Advancement, 2012); a lot of people can be fairly confident that they and their real estate are safeguarded. However , criminal offenses have grown in the past few years. Last season, Merced Region experienced you, 658 chaotic crimes; almost all which engaged aggrivated assult but included as well 26 killers, 78 forcible rapes, and 276 robberies (United Says Department of Justice, 2012). There were likewise 4, 390 property criminal offenses and 80 cases of arson (United States Department of Justice, 2012). Price of crimes per 90, 000 happen to be as follows: violent 568. several, property 567.
3, medication 512. being unfaithful, sex 37. 9, various other 489. you, and amassing 2, a hundred seventy five. 5 per 100, 1000 (United Says Department of Justice, 2012). Considering there are only a few. law enforcement officials per 75, 000 people, it would appear as though criminal offense will continue to rise for the foreseeable future.
These kinds of numbers are specifically troublesome considering budget cuts that will surely affect all public safety departments (Layoff View, 2011). There are a couple of ethnic groups inside Merced County that experience especially weak, the Hispanic community plus the Asian community. The Asian community almost makes-up 50 % of the human population and is congrigated in the poorest of areas. Yet another concern involving general public safety is definitely the ability to attain medical solutions.
Within Merced County you will find only two hospitals offering emergency medical service, Funeral hospital of Los Banos and Pride Health of Merced. Funeral hospital of Los Banos is a comparatively small medical center with the ability to acknowledge a total of 46 patients (Memorial Medical center Los Banos, 2008). The emergency room has the ability to care for a total of six patient’s requiring immediate unexpected emergency care, but has the capability to fly patients out to different facilities if perhaps required. Dignity Health of Merced is the larger of the two features and cares for the majority of the inhabitants of Rendimiento County. Pride Health contains a total of 194 beds available.
Dignity Health provides approximately 12, 900 acces per year and total er visits equaling around 66, 000 per year. On a typical weekend the emergency room will see about 250 patients involving the hours of seven a. m. and7 l. m. (M. Parker REGISTERED NURSE, personal connection, June almost eight, 2012).
Also serving the city are almost 8 primary treatment centers. The majority of these kinds of clinics are located within the city limits of Merced and Los Banos. Those located outside of these locations will have to drive upto 30 minutes to acquire medical services.
Merced Region also has five psychiatric features, only two of which are capable of admitting individuals. Country House Merced Behavioral Health Centre has ninety six beds readily available for the community and has the ability to care for long-term patients between the age groups of 18 to 65 years of age (Country Villa Merced Behavioral Wellness Center, 2012). Marie Green Psychiatric Center is a small facility which includes the ability to acknowledge upto twenty patients between the ages of 18 to 65 years of age, but this is certainly a short term facility which could only take care of patients for as much as 90 days.
At present, in the Favor County location there are not any psychiatric services that have the capability to take care of psychiatric patients under the age of 18 or over the age of sixty-five. Emergency preparedness within Encanto County is usually primarily controlled by the Department of Public Health. Merced County’s emergency preparedness was last up-to-date in the year 2003 and in basic addresses “preparedness, response, restoration, and mitigation activities” (City of Favor California, 2012).
In the readiness phase, activities are concentrated in advance of a disaster. Actions focus on “implementing threat mitigation jobs, developing hazard analyses, growing and retaining emergency programs and techniques, conducting general and specific training, executing exercises, producing mutual help agreements, and improving urgent public education and caution systems” (Merced County Washington dc, 2003). In the response phase an emergency condition is impending or more likely to occur.
Throughout this stage the county initiates actions to boost its readiness. In the restoration phase major is to come back public companies to Encanto county occupants and come back any location affected by the emergency to its prior condition. The mitigation period occurs after and before emergencies. After having a disaster or emergency, mitigation or relief, includes “reducing the impact of hazards which exist within Encanto County” (Merced County California, 2003). Although Merced County Public Health Office concerns by itself with the state as a whole, it must also generate provisions intended for areas even more susceptable to emergencies or perhaps areas where there is an increased problems to disseminate information.
Within just these areas there are extraordinary ethnic hispanics. The two primary ethnic groups, hispanic and asian people in america, are particularily at risk due to transportational and housing issues as well as dysfunctional attitudes toward disaster organizing or preparedness. Within Rendimiento County the Hispanic community makes up almost 50% with the population and constitutes nearly all those living below low income level. This translates into most of the population inside the economically frustrated areas having inadequate real estate or not working transportation.
Each time a disaster truly does occur, this group could be the hardest hit as they will not have the economical means to retrieve what they have lost. This group also has the best potential for damage due to the incapability to transfer to an place that is secure due to transportational issue. What places this group at highest risk are their very own attitudes toward disaster planning or preparedness.
After speaking with six distinct families by a despondent area, basically one relatives put any kind of thought to a potential urgent, and none of these people had cash set aside to get such a tragedy (personal connection, June you, 2012).