Pabasa sa nutrition essay

Nutrition is recognized as a basic human being right, vital to the your survival, growth and development of youngsters according to the Un Children’s Finance (UNICEF). And proper diet is a step to having a happy, healthy lifestyle, but despite this pronouncement, millions of people around the world have problems with malnutrition and continues to declare millions of lives, with more than 5. 5 , 000, 000 children under-five years of age about to die annually. (Devpulse, 2008). There have been 925 , 000, 000 malnourished persons in the world this season, an increase of 80 million since 1990, despite the fact that the world already creates enough foodstuff to give food to everyone (6 billion people) and could supply the twice (12 billion dollars people).

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Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient deficiencies remain the leading dietary problems in the Philippines which rank eighth in countries who have five million or more undernourished people. There were 12-15. 2 million undernourished people in 2001–2003, according to the Meals and Culture Organization. This represents the number of people eating less than the minimum quantity of food energy (measured in kilocalories per capita per day) necessary for an average to stay in health while carrying out light physical activity.

From 2006 to 08, there was a significant increase in the proportion of underweight children aged 0-5 from twenty four. 6 percent to 26. 2 percent, according to the Countrywide Nutrition Study (NNS). A very high prevalence of underweight preschoolers was known in Locations IV-B, V, VI, VIII, and IX, where data on the amount of underweight-for-age children authorized at higher than or corresponding to 30 percent. The status of micronutrient malnutrition is also an important concern in the country. In respect to WHO HAVE (2009) the vitamin A status of the country is considered extreme subclinical deficiency affecting kids 6 months – 5 years (8. 2%) and expecting mothers (7. 1%). Iron insufficiency anemia is among the most alarming in the micronutrient deficiencies affecting a considerable proportion of infants (56. 6%), pregnant women (50. 7%), lactating females (45. 7%) and men older persons (49. 1%). Malnutrition inside the Philippines is caused by a sponsor of interrelated factors – health, physical, social, economical and others.

Food supply and how it is distributed and consumed by populace possess consequent effect on nutritional status. While some reports indicate that there is enough food to supply the country, various Filipinos continue to go famished and become under nourished due to inadequate intake of food and nutrients. Youngsters are mostly damaged not only as a result of lack of foodstuff. Their life is also located at risk by poor feeding and attention practices, illness conditions of pregnant and breastfeeding females, lack of entry to health companies, and unsanitary conditions. Relating to 2011 National Nourishment Results, simply 52 percent are breastfed within one hour of delivery; 47 % of children 0-6 months happen to be exclusively; forty-five per cent of youngsters 6-23 a few months are breastfed, and provided with satisfactory and safe nourishing complementary foodstuff. Due to the not enough nourishing foodstuff and nourishment education, craving for food and weakness are still prominent in this region. (Food and Agriculture Firm 2011). In fact , these problems have been associated with high prices of lower income and an ever-increasing population progress.

Adequate the consumption of micronutrients is vital for stopping common micronutrient disorders, just like vitamin A and flat iron deficiencies. According to Aphane et ‘s. (2003), many countries have to improve the micronutrient status in the population simply by changing methods at the household level through protecting the nutritional great things about traditional techniques that are eroding because of elements such as urbanisation and modernisation. In addition , in line with the Micronutrient Effort improving and diversifying the food that is consumed by the poor is hence the most fundamental (though nonetheless not comprehensive) approach towards controlling vitamin and vitamin deficiency. Unfortunately, it is also the approach that is most dependent on rising incomes. When salary increases, persons often lessen breastfeeding, quit gathering wild foods and eat fewer green leafy vegetables as a result of ignorance or poor knowledge of nutrition. Nourishment education and counseling are one of the government’s strategies to fight malnutrition especially in children.

The education and counselling practices train the correct feeding procedures and improving personal knowledge of pediatric areas to improve health care inside the Philippines. Among the DOH program to answer malnutrition is through Pabasa sa Nutrition. Costly innovative approach in building up the setup of the five(5) Impact Programs (Home, College and Community Food Development, Micronutrient Supplementation, Foodstuff Fortification, Nourishment Education and Food Assistance) of the Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition (PPAN). Through Pabasa, mothers are grouped in 10-12 every class privately, in private discussing health and nutrition using behaviorally designed materials produced by the Nourishment Center from the Philippines (NCP). Pabasa is designed to empower women in reducing their family’s vulnerability to malnutrition throughout the adoption of proper diet practices and healthy standards of living. The NCP provides teaching and elements for local government units and NGOs that plan to put into practice Pabasa.

Guldan et approach (2000) says, nutrition education has shown an important benefit in increasing healthy knowledge and improving toddler feeding practices amongst mothers who receive nutrition education compared to mothers who tend not to receive nourishment education. (Ladzani et ing. (2000) reported that a diet education plan had considerably improved breastfeeding and newborn feeding techniques in rural areas between local girls that had been skilled. It was likewise shown that teaching moms about supporting feeding improved the single mother’s knowledge and the children’s weight loss plans (Ilett & Freeman, 2004). In addition , Guldan et ing. (2000) indicated that children of mothers who received nutrition education had lower rates of anaemia and were significantly heavier and taller than the control group.


The purpose of this analyze is to assess and determine the effectiveness of Pabasa sa Nutrisyon on the knowledge, attitudes and practices since acquired by mothers of selected barangays in Hindang, Leyte.

Especially, this research sought answers to the subsequent:

1 . Describe the profile in the respondents.

a. Grow older

m. No . of kids

c. Religion

d. Maximum Educational Attainment

elizabeth. Estimated Month to month Family Salary

2 . Determine the level of understanding through the pretest and content test a mass of the respondents on the Pabasa sa Nutrisyon

3. Decide the attitude and techniques through actual observation by using structured register.

4. Draw out implications through the study.

Null Hypothesis: There is not any significant difference between the pre-test and post-test quite a few the participants on the knowledge, attitudes and practices for the Pabasa social fear Nutrisyon.


Results of this study would be good for the following establishments and choices, to the mothers so that they will be guided and become informed around the importance of good nutrition pertaining to the family members, the Barangay Health Staff member that they will be guided in collecting data for the nutritional position of their clients thus they will promote performing Pabasa sa Nutrisyon to steer mothers, The RHU staff and rns that will be even more aware around the proper plan to delivered to their consumers, to the Department of Well being that the explained institution does not only help yet endorse and supply funds around the implementation of Pabasa social fear Nutrisyon, To NGO’s that it will give them insights of ensuring better nutrition to Filipinos, hence decreasing the speed of malnutrition in our region, and lastly to the future researchers that conclusions of this analyze will act as their baseline to further improve result.

To the Section of Wellness. This examine can help the said company to effectively continue the implementation in the Pabasa sa Nutrisyon. To other Personal Agencies. This study can provide them an insight of ensuring better nutrition to Filipinos, thus decreasing the interest rate of malnutrition in our country. Barangay Health Center. Barangay Health Staff will be led on the healthy status of each individual. Through this, they will be able to help conducting Pabasa sa Nutrisyon that will encourage good diet. To Rhu Staff and Nurses. This kind of study could help the rhu staff and nurses to be responsible in conducting Pabasa sa Nutrisyon. Mothers. This kind of study would also be beneficial to the parents that in a way make them in providing proper guidance and expertise to their friends and family. Future Analysts. The findings of this study could even more serve as set up a baseline data for even more research.


This study should know and focused simply on the efficiency on Pabasa sa Nutrisyon on the understanding, attitudes and practices acquired by moms of picked barangays in Hindang Leyte. The participants on Pabasa sa Nutrisyon are mothers residing in picked barangays in Hindang, Leyte, namely, Brgy. Doos del Sur, Brgy. San Vicente, Brgy. Tabok and Brgy. Bontoc. This kind of study included as well the market profile from the mothers while the intervening variable such as: age, number of children, religion, highest educational attainment, and estimated monthly income. Additionally, the centered variable of the study is the knowledge, attitude and methods of mothers. The experts conducted the study on Sept 2014 to October 2014. Furthermore this kind of study is limited only to individuals mothers who have participated the Pabasa social fear Nutrisyon. The researchers include chosen this barangays due to accessibility of every of the investigator to the distinct barangays.


Energy and Instinct by Psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud seen each individual as a equipment that uses food, normal water and o2 and converts these in energy, which is then expended in equally physical and mental work. He recommended that instinctive physiological requirements are centered within the identification. Bodily demands lead to conscious desires and also to the behavior necessary to satisfy the will need. When the need is satisfied, the organism involves rest right up until another need arises. You will discover individual variations in the means adopted to meet each require. Virginia Henderson on her theory of 13 Basic Human being Needs looked at health as being a quality of life which is very basic for the person to work fully. As a vital need, wellness requires freedom and interdependence.

Since wellness is a multifactor phenomenon, it is influenced by both external and internal factors which in turn play 3rd party and interdependent roles reaching health. She also gave emphasis in putting first health advertising as crucial care of the sick. Sis Callista Roy’s theory of Adaptation viewed humans while biopsychosocial beings constantly reaching a changing environment and who handle their environment through biophysical adaptable system. This theory targets the ability of individual, households, groups, neighborhoods, or communities to adapt to change. The degree of internal or perhaps external environmental change as well as the person’s capacity to cope with that change may determine the individual’s health status. She also offers that for being an open system; the individual is definitely vulnerable to advices and stimuli from the two self plus the environment


Schematic diagram displaying the relationship of the variables in the study.

The respondent’s demographic account namely, age, no . of youngsters, religion, maximum educational achievement and believed monthly cash flow are made the theory to affect the pre-test scores of the respondents. In our research, the research workers seek to determine the relationship involving the pre-test and post-test a mass of the participants after conducting Pabasa sa Nutrisyon.


In order to help better understanding of the study, the following terms happen to be defined conceptually and operationally. Pabasa sa Nutrisyon – the moms are assembled into 10-12 per school informally talking about health and nutrition. Knowledge-a familiarity, awareness or understanding of something. Attitude- is definitely an expression of favor or disfavor toward a person, place, and thing. Practices-the actual program or use of an idea.

Mothers- who been through Pabasa sa Nutrisyon


This kind of chapter discusses the investigator design, your research locale, the selection of respondents, sample size, data gathering instrument, general techniques and statistical tools that were used.


This study was done in Hindang, Leyte. It is just a fifth class Municipality inside the province of Leyte. In the north, that boarders with the town of Inopacan Leyte although it boarders with the town of Hilongos in the south. According to the 2014 forecasted population, it has 20, 868 people with 4184 households. Among 20 barangays of Hindang, Brgy. Pob. 1, Doos del En allant sur, San Vicente, Tabok and Bontoc had been the selected barangays for the research. The analysts selected these types of areas pertaining to accessibility and convenience of the study. These areas are the hometown and had been the experts worked. SELECTION OF RESPONDENT AND SAMPLE SIZE

The participants of the research included all mothers whom participated the Pabasa social fear Nutrisyon in Four Baragays of Hindang Leyte. The respondents were chosen relating to their availability at that time in addition to the place where the gathering of data was conducted. ANALYSIS DESIGN

The researchers employed one group pretest-posttest analyze which is simple experimental exploration design. The group implemented a pretest with the use of set of questions composed of multiple choices, the case or fake and Self-structured questions. Same questionnaire is given for posttest. An examination of the factors quantitatively was done which usually served since basis for the presentation, implications and recommendations that were formulated. RESEARCH PROCEDURE

Permission was wanted from the barangay chairman of the different barangays. The data had been collected by the researchers themselves from Sept 2014 to October 2014. The respondents were directed to indication the consent form just before answering the questionnaires. These were requested to individually attain the pretest questionnaires simply by writing all their chosen solution in the bed sheet. Another set of questionnaires intended for the post test received after three days. Accomplished questionnaires were retrieved by the researchers. STUDY INSTRUMENT

The questionnaire consists of three (3) major parts. Part We, elicit info on the account of the moms in terms of era, no . of youngsters, religion, highest educational achievement and predicted monthly friends and family income. Portion II elicits data from your Pabasa sa Nutrisyon inquiries to determine the information of the participants. Part III elicits data from the self-structured questionnaire to determine the attitude and practices in the mothers. A table was made and the participants were asked to fill in their answers by locating a check tag. Statistical Remedying of Data

Your data gathered in the questionnaire were analyzed in accordance to their corresponding quantitative equivalents. The replies were also classified according to the characteristics of the particular questions asked. The single profiles of participants were reviewed using rate of recurrence tally and percentages. The subsequent formula in determining percent was used:

P= f/n by 100%

wherever: P – Percent

f – frequency

n – number of participants

To test intended for the significant difference on the pre-test and post-test scores of the respondents on the Pabasa sa Nutrisyon. The equipment formula employs: (Walpole, 1982: Introduction to Statistics) t=(X ̅_1-X ̅_2)/√(S_p (1/n_1 +1/n_2 ) )

All computations and analysis had been tested applying 5% degree of significance.


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